‘Persons or organisations which collect and manage your personal information must protect it from misuse and must respect certain rights of the data owners which are guaranteed by EU law’ (http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/).


1::Right to the integrity of the person.
1::The right to freedom of speech.
3::The right to the protection of personal data.

This answer is incorrect. While it may seem like your data are part of you and therefore your integrity, in fact this fundamental right only protects your physical and mental integrity. The correct answer is the right to the protection of personal data where ‘common EU rules have been established to ensure that your personal data enjoys a high standard of protection everywhere in the EU. You have the right to complain and obtain redress if your data is misused anywhere within the EU’. You may see here:

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/

These rights are described in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. See in particular Article 8 on the protection of personal data and Article 7 on the Respect for private and family life (“privacy”):

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

 

This is not correct. While the right to freedom of speech is an important right, the specific right introduced by the European Union is called the right to the protection of personal data where ‘common EU rules have been established to ensure that your personal data enjoys a high standard of protection everywhere in the EU. You have the right to complain and obtain redress if your data is misused anywhere within the EU’. You may see here:

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/

These rights are described in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. See in particular Article 8 on the protection of personal data and Article 7 on the Respect for private and family life (“privacy”):

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

 

This is the correct answer: ‘common EU rules have been established to ensure that your personal data enjoys a high standard of protection everywhere in the EU. You have the right to complain and obtain redress if your data is misused anywhere within the EU’. You may see here:

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/

These rights are described in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. See in particular Article 8 on the protection of personal data and Article 7 on the Respect for private and family life (“privacy”):

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf


While this applies to any form of data collection, including physical collection, it has a huge impact on Internet users with the increased use of digital data storage and transmission.

The specific fundamental right protecting you against such misuses is called…